A Pap smear, also called a Pap test, is a procedure to test for cervical cancer in women. Pap smears involves collecting cells from your cervix which is the lower, narrow end of your uterus that’s at the top of your vagina. Detecting cervical cancer early with a Pap smear gives you a greater chance at a cure. A Pap smear can also detect changes in your cervical cells that suggest cancer may develop in the future. Detecting these abnormal cells early with a Pap smear is your first step in halting the possible development of cervical cancer. The Pap smear is usually done in conjunction with a pelvic exam. In women older than age 30, the Pap test may be combined with a test for human papillomavirus (HPV) — a common sexually transmitted infection that can cause cervical cancer. In some cases, the HPV test may be done instead of a Pap Smear. If Pap Smear results are misinterpreted, or totally overlooked, diseases and cancers such as cervical cancer can spread. To discuss you case, if you’ve been the victim of medical negligence by way of Pap Smear misinterpretation, contact our OBGYN malpractice attorneys. They provide free case reviews and charge no fees if they are unable to recover for you.